That’s what our tradition is’: Gender-Based Violence, Honour-related Crimes and Traditional Values in the Russian Federation
- Date: –17:00
- Location: Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES) Gamla torget 3, 3rd floor, IRES Library
- Organiser: Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES)
- Contact person: Jevgenija Gehsbarga
- Phone: 018 471 1630
The presentation deals with honour-related killings that became actively discussed by the NGOs and wider public in Russia in the past 10 years. The discourse of protecting honour as inherently ‘ethnical’ trait for certain parts of the Russian Federation came to light once the concept of traditional values became the official framework for social and identity politics. A number of ‘traditions’ harmful to women—such as bride-kidnapping and female genital mutilation - have been recorded by the NGOs in North Caucasus as habitual and part of post-Soviet ethnical renaissance. The 2018 report on honour killings in the Caucuses by the NGO ‘Legal Initiative’ stirred the ethnic diasporas verbalizing ‘something we do not talk about’. These events generated the discussion about re-emergence of tradition, nation building and patriarchy in the ethnically diverse country such as Russia. The presentation focuses on the analysis of court cases and resulting from case law legal initiatives to examine the interplay between race and gender in re-production of gender-based violence within the framework of ‘traditional values’. Using the concept of ‘conservative jurisprudence’, the analysis explores wider issues of human rights of women and attempts to reduce them to private sphere. Internationally, Russia is prominent these days in anti-gender movements and ‘gender wars’, however, within the country there is a strict divide between modernized and traditional geographies that feeds new patriarchal mythology on gender-based violence.
Marianna Muravyeva is a Professor of Russian Law and Administration at the University of Helsinki. Her research is interdisciplinary bringing together history, social sciences and law to examine long-term trends and patterns in social development with a special focus on normativity, gender and violence. Some of her most recent projects focus on human rights of women and austerity, conservative jurisprudence, violence against women, and family violence (violence against parents and domestic violence). Professor Muravyeva co-chairs Women and Gender Network of the European Social Sciences History Conference and a founding member of the Russian Association of Women’s Historians (RAIZhI). She has published extensively, including edited volumes Parricide and Violence Against Parents throughout History: (De)Constructing Family and Authority? (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), Domestic Disturbances, Patriarchal Values: Violence, Family and Sexuality in Early Modern Europe (New York: Routledge, 2015); Women’s History in Russia: (Re)Establishing the Field (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014); Gender in Late medieval and Early Modern Europe (London and New York: Routledge, 2013) and numerous articles and books chapters.